Download American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie PDF

By Donald A. Ritchie

In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American reporters from colonial instances to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their career and within the background of the U.S.. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those reporters faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant concerns and occasions in American historical past, from the yank revolution via abolition, westward growth, the Civil conflict, the civil rights stream, immigration, and the women's move, in addition to significant constitutional matters related to the 1st modification security of freedom of the clicking. Biographies of recognized reporters, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, look along a few who might be much less well-known, equivalent to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used service pigeons to ferry the scoop. different matters contain Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the innovative printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; warfare correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states at the present time. Illustrations, truth containers, and quotations from the topics themselves make this quantity an essential reference for college students of yank background in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled comprise: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell crimson Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and lots of extra

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Extra info for American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles)

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Rarely did his paper deal with slavery, except to carry advertisements for the sale of slaves or rewards for the return of those who had escaped. While attending a revival meeting at the First Presbyterian Church in 1832, Lovejoy underwent a religious conversion. At that meeting he heard the fiery preacher declare that slavery was as great a sin as murder. Lovejoy made a profession of faith and joined the church.

The first issue of the National Gazette appeared on October 31, 1791. It reprinted news from British, French, and Dutch newspapers, together with letters from various correspondents, government documents, court decisions, and the debates in Congress. ” It was not to be just a Philadelphia paper, but a national paper. , College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton), 1771 AC C O M P L I S H M E N T S Contributor, United States Magazine (1779); editor and contributor, Freeman’s Journal (1781–84); editor and contributor, New York Daily Advertiser (1790–91); editor, National Gazette (1792–93); editor, Jersey Chronicle (1795–96); editor, New York Time Piece and Literary Companion (1797–98); contributor, True American (1822) P H I L I P F R E N E AU • 3 7 Image Not Available Freneau’s National Gazette published the official acts of the federal government while editorially attacking the Washington administration.

Although Jefferson chose not to respond, James Madison and other friends employed their pens (and pen names) in his defense. Between August and December of 1792 the two sides assailed each other steadily. Much of the fury was due to their uncertainty about whether President Washington would accept a second term. If he declined, then Jefferson and Hamilton might be candidates to succeed him. Each side did everything possible to stop the other. That fall, however, Washington reluctantly agreed to run for a second term, and he easily won reelection.

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