Download A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries) by Alistair Jones PDF

By Alistair Jones

This A-Z consultant explains the most important suggestions and associations associated with the eu Union, besides short biographies of the prime figures relating to the root and improvement of the european. it will enable scholars to hyperlink the various theoretical techniques with the folk who brought them. The booklet turns out to be useful in discerning among the British and eu Parliaments -- scholars usually confuse the various techniques of the ecu with these of the British govt, and the definitions during this word list will show that the our bodies have differing roles to play in lots of elements in their life.

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The judges are assisted by eight advocates general, all of whom are appointed for renewable six-year terms. These appointments are based on judicial experience, rather than being political appointees. Their independence from their ‘home’ government is considered to be very important. This can be compared with the US Court of Justice where all appointments are ‘political’ rather than made on judicial merit. Cresson, Édith (1934– ) Former French prime minister Cresson (1991–2), as a member of the Commission, was charged with corruption.

To amend or reject proposals from the Council of Ministers, the European Parliament requires the support of an absolute majority of its members. However, the Council of Ministers may still veto the proposals of the Parliament. After this process, there is now a third reading – the co-decision process. THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z 27 Copenhagen criteria The criteria that any member state must meet to be able to join the European Union. There are political criteria (democracy, civil rights, respect for minorities) and economic criteria (the economy must be market dominated), as well as an applicant state having the ability to cope with the rigours of membership and adopting the acquis communautaire.

It also prevents businesses with a dominant market position from eliminating any competition. • Merger control • In this area the Competition Policy ensures that any proposed mergers are not harmful for competition. If a proposed merger will stifle competition then the Commission may ban or impose conditions upon such a merger. • Liberalisation • This focuses upon opening up markets to new businesses to encourage greater competition. • State aids • The Commission monitors all of the different forms of aid that a state may give to businesses.

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