By National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
The name of this publication is A instruction manual of Radioactivity Measurements strategies: With Nuclear information for a few Biologically very important Radionuclides : techniques of the nationwide Council on Radiation security and Measurements and it used to be written through nationwide Council on Radiation defense and Measurements, nationwide Committee on Radiation security and Measurements (U.S.). This version of A instruction manual of Radioactivity Measurements methods: With Nuclear facts for a few Biologically very important Radionuclides : innovations of the nationwide Council on Radiation defense and Measurements is in a e-book structure. This books put up date is January 1, 1978. It used to be released through NCRP and has 506 pages within the e-book. the ten digit ISBN is 0913392413 and the thirteen digit ISBN is 9780913392416
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Additional info for A Handbook of Radioactivity Measurements Procedures NCRP Reports 58
See Eq. 35 et sea. 4 Loss-of-Charge Method. For charged-particle emitters the loss-of-charge method allows the number of such particles emitted to be calculated from a measurement of the charge transfer. Since the method is rather insensitive, it is not recommended for practical use. 5 Activity from Production Data. The activity of a radionuclide produced in a particular irradiation may be calculated approximately from irradiation, cross-section, and decay-scheme data. 6 Indirect or Relative Methods of Radioactivity Standardization In the national standardizing laboratories, the calibration data for many radionuclides (particularly a short-lived radionuclide) are usually preserved by using a standardized source to calibrate a reference instrument such as an ionization chamber.
1983) and has found applications in gamma-ray borehole logging (Stromswold, 1981). At the time of writing (1984), the higher cost, lower light output and poorer energy resolution of BGO compared with NaI(T1) continue to make BGO a less attractive choice for routine x-ray and gamma-ray measurements. For more details see Heath, 1983. 2 The Scintillation Process In order t o understand the modern scintillation detector and the concepts of pulse-height analysis, let us consider the basic processes involved.
However, photons are also formed during the production of the secondary electrons. These photons may release photoelectrons anywhere in the counter volume or walls, depending on the nature of the filling gas. 2 PROPORTIONAL COUNTERS / 25 ation of the proportional counter. Consider such a counter containing a pure gas filling of, say, argon. Suppose that ii is the average electron multiplication in the avalanche so that each of n electrons produced in the primary ionizing event gives rise, in its acceleration toward the anode wire, to an average total of 6 electrons in the avalanche.