By Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall
Initially released as Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie. Translated by means of Steven Rendall
This concise yet finished ebook presents an unique background of German-language philosophy from the center a while to this present day. In an available narrative that explains advanced rules in transparent language, Vittorio Hösle strains the evolution of German philosophy and describes its critical impact on different features of German tradition, together with literature, politics, and technology.
Starting with the medieval mystic Meister Eckhart, the ebook addresses the philosophical alterations led to by way of Luther's Reformation, after which offers an in depth account of the classical age of German philosophy, together with the paintings of Leibniz and Kant; the increase of a brand new kind of humanities in Lessing, Hamann, Herder, and Schiller; the early Romantics; and the Idealists Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. the subsequent chapters examine the cave in of the German synthesis in Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Turning to the 20th century, the ebook explores the increase of analytical philosophy in Frege and the Vienna and Berlin circles; the root of the historic sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey; Husserl's phenomenology and its radical alteration via Heidegger; the Nazi philosophers Gehlen and Schmitt; and the most West German philosophers, together with Gadamer, Jonas, and people of the 2 Frankfurt faculties. Arguing that there has been a particular German philosophical culture from the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, the booklet closes by way of analyzing why that culture principally led to the a long time after global struggle II.
A philosophical heritage impressive for its scope, brevity, and lucidity, this can be a useful publication for college kids of philosophy and an individual drawn to German highbrow and cultural history.
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Extra resources for A Short History of German Philosophy
Inevitably, this decision is shaped by its author’s own philosophy. Every historian has to select, and my second criterion of selection is in fact the quality of a philosophy. I make no attempt at does german philosophy have a history ? 11 completeness here; I concentrate on the greatest thinkers and ignore academic philosophers who were influential only in their own time. What Horace said about poets—that neither humans nor gods allow them to be mediocre—holds to an even greater degree for philosophers.
His first work, De concordantia catholica (On Catholic Concordance), published in 1433, defended the conciliarist position: that the council could depose a pope who violated his duties. Nicholas also elaborated a philosophy of the 24 Chapter 2 state that justified rule largely on the basis of consensus. In this, he was strongly influenced by Marsilius of Padua, whom he never cites, however; for this most revolutionary medieval political philosopher had been excommunicated. But the maxim “Quod omnes tangit, ab omnibus approbari debet” (Whatever concerns all must be approved by all) was hardly new, having been first formulated in the canon law of twelfth-century Cologne.
It could not be wholly abandoned because, first of all, Scripture was needed to legitimate the new economic and social order, which differed even more radically than that of the Middle Ages from the order praised in the Sermon on the Mount; and second, because for more than two hundred years Lutheranism strove to avoid recognizing that between the Christologies of the Gospels (which deviate from one another) and that of the Credo there are enormous differences—Calvin himself had Michael Servetus burned at the stake because of his discovery that the doctrine of the Trinity had hardly any basis in the New Testament.