By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a probably vital method for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The examine documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and strength merits of making use of the tissue-cultured know-how between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, critical Kenya, utilizing a livelihood strategy. the implications exhibit that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs in response to the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, significantly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged women dominate one of the negative families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, ultimately with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The examine additionally exhibits that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are prompted by means of land tenure prestige (having identify deeds or no longer) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up on account of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional info for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
These aspects are incorporated by integrating a gender perspective in the analysis. Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers 49 Chapter 3 Study design and data collection This chapter starts with a brief description of the study area followed by a detailed discussion of the research strategy and study design, the methods of data collection and analysis. The chapter concludes with a discussion of ethical considerations and of the problems encountered in data collection. 1 Research area The study was conducted in the Republic of Kenya which lies across the equator in Eastern Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean.
The culture of migration in Kenya is attributed to both push and pull factors. The urban centres created by the colonial administrators such as Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Eldoret, Kisumu, Kitale, Thika, Nyeri, Nanyuki, all located by the railway line, acted as pull factors for migration in Kenya. Subdivision of land and landlessness forced people to move out to urban and other areas. Indeed, migration became an integral part of most rural households. Berry (1993) reports that as early as the 1970s, rural households in Central Kenya were estimated to derive one-half of their incomes from non-farm sources.
Agricultural intensification, livelihood diversification and migration are distinguished (cf. Scoones, 1998). , 1994:29). Agricultural intensification may occur as a result of an increased (per fixed unit of land) frequency of cultivation, an increase in labour inputs, or a change in technologies (Carswell, 1997). Two factors may necessitate agricultural intensification. ) when income per head grows. Secondly, a decline in land/labour ratio may also necessitate intensification. Agricultural intensification is associated with a change in technologies and an increase in frequency of cultivation or labour inputs.