By Allen, Barbara Carol; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Shli︠a︡pnikov, Aleksandr Gavrilovich; Šljapnikov, Aleksandr G
What emerges from Allen’s political portrait is an previous Bolshevik who stands in notable distinction to Stalin’s and the NKVD’s snapshot of the suitable occasion member.
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Extra info for Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937 : life of an old Bolshevik
At the time, it was enough for them to challenge the existing order; literature promoting the political role of industrial workers, irrespective of its source, appealed to them. By the end of 1905, however, Shlyapnikov had chosen to identify himself as a Bolshevik, likely under the influence of Bolsheviks he met in prison. To those who see Lenin’s Bolsheviks as emphasising a centralised hierarchy dominated by intelligenty, and regard the Mensheviks as more democratic, Shlyapnikov’s choice may seem puzzling, but the Bolsheviks before 1917 had a more flexible organisational structure than they did after coming to power.
Nevertheless, his upbringing as an Old Believer must have 35 Shliapnikov 1935, pp. 57–8. 36 Shliapnikov 1935, p. 59; Gambarov et al. ) 1989, vol. 3, pp. 244–51; Shliapnikov 1917f, p. 1; Wynn 2012, pp. 121–2. The prison memoir halted after Shliapnikov’s return from Sormovo. The remainder of this chapter relies largely upon tsarist police records, Shliapnikov’s memoirs published after 1917 and his 1933 purge testimony. From The Old Belief To Socialism 23 moulded his personality in ways that remained with him as an adult.
124, d. 2171 (Shliapnikov, Iakov Ermolaevich, 1876–1934), i. 2. Iakov reported that the police often dealt severely with him, associating or confusing him with his cousin Aleksandr (l. 6). For more on Medvedev’s origins and life, see Allen 2007. 56 Gambarov et al. ) 1989, vol. 3, pp. 246–9; Wynn 2012, pp. 125–6; rgaspi, f. 589, op. 9103, vol. 5: 37–41; Shliapnikova 1991 and 1995. From The Old Belief To Socialism 35 Paris. 57 By the end of 1907, Shlyapnikov had become a highly skilled metal turner and fitter, a crafty and conspiratorial underground activist and a steadfast Bolshevik.